Today in disaster resilience (20 November 2020)

Please find below links to some aspects of disaster resilience that were in the news this week…

Recent emergencies/disasters

More than 184,000 COVID-19 cases reported in U.S. in one day, shattering previous record https://www.cbsnews.com/news/covid-19-cases-united-states-184k-friday-record/

Hurricane Iota rapidly intensifies ahead of expected landfall near Nicaragua-Honduras border https://yaleclimateconnections.org/2020/11/hurricane-iota-rapidly-intensifies-ahead-of-expected-landfall-near-nicaragua-honduras-border/

Vamco batters Vietnam after killing 67 in the Philippines https://www.trtworld.com/asia/vamco-batters-vietnam-after-killing-67-in-the-philippines-41481

Indonesia – Thousands Affected by Floods in Sumatra Island and West Nusa Tenggara Provincehttp://floodlist.com/asia/indonesia-floods-sumatra-westnusatenggara-november-2020

USA – Deadly Flash Floods in North Carolina http://floodlist.com/america/usa/north-carolina-floods-november-2020

Colombia – Rains Trigger Deadly Landslide in Antioquiahttp://floodlist.com/america/colombia-landslide-floods-antioquia-november-2020

Somalia – 180,000 Displaced by Floods Says UN http://floodlist.com/africa/somalia-180000-displaced-by-floods-says-un

Philippines – Typhoon Vamco Death Toll Rises, Over 1.7 Million Affectedhttp://floodlist.com/asia/philippines-typhoon-vamco-floods-update-november-2020

Guatemala – Deadly Landslide in Chiquimula http://floodlist.com/america/guatemala-landslide-chiquimula-november-2020

Iota considered the strongest hurricane in history to hit Nicaragua, government says https://edition.cnn.com/2020/11/17/weather/hurricane-iota-tuesday/index.html

Deaths, destruction reported in aftermath of Hurricane Iota https://yaleclimateconnections.org/2020/11/deaths-destruction-reported-in-aftermath-of-hurricane-iota/

Several wildfires pushed by very strong winds break out in Northern California and Western Nevada https://wildfiretoday.com/2020/11/18/several-wildfires-pushed-by-very-strong-winds-break-out-in-northern-california-and-western-nevada/

Venezuela – Thousands Hit by Floods in North West http://floodlist.com/america/venezuela-floods-tachira-lara-zulia-november-2020

Indonesia – Deadly Landslide in Central Java http://floodlist.com/asia/indonesia-landslide-banyumas-central-java-november-2020

Volcanic activity worldwide 17 Nov 2020: Santiaguito volcano, Fuego, Klyuchevskoy, Popocatépetl https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/volcano-activity/news/113933/Volcanic-activity-worldwide-17-Nov-2020-Santiaguito-volcano-Fuego-Klyuchevskoy-Popocatepetl-Du.html

Extreme Weather and Climate Change

Robustness of CMIP6 Historical Global Mean Temperature Simulations: Trends, Long‐Term Persistence, Autocorrelation, and Distributional Shape https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2020EF001667

Scientists link record-breaking hurricane season to climate crisis https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/nov/15/scientists-link-record-breaking-hurricane-season-to-climate-crisis

NSW renewable energy plan seals death warrant for six gigawatts of coal https://reneweconomy.com.au/nsw-renewable-energy-plan-seals-death-warrant-for-six-gigawatts-of-coal-99052/

In a Warming World, Hurricanes Weaken More Slowly After They Hit Land https://insideclimatenews.org/news/13112020/hurricanes-climate-change-extreme-weather-climate-science?platform=hootsuite

Bangladesh’s 50 years journey to climate resilience https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74702

Unravelling glacial hydroclimate in the Indo‐Pacific Warm Pool: perspectives from water isotopes https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2020PA003985

How Scotland can remain a climate leader ahead of COP26 https://www.thenational.scot/news/18873603.scotland-can-remain-climate-leader/

Heat is killing more people than ever. Scientists are looking for ways to lower the risk https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/11/heat-killing-more-people-ever-scientists-are-looking-ways-lower-risk

Sea Level Rise may erode development in Africa https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74732

The world’s leading universities join the climate fight https://www.theage.com.au/environment/climate-change/the-world-s-leading-universities-join-the-climate-fight-20201117-p56ffw.html

NSW to transform Hunter coal region into state’s next renewable energy zone https://reneweconomy.com.au/nsw-to-transform-hunter-coal-region-into-states-next-renewable-energy-zone-83085/

Greenland’s glaciers could lose more ice than previously thought, raising concerns for sea level risehttps://edition.cnn.com/2020/11/17/world/greenland-glaciers-melt-climate-change-intl-hnk/index.html

October 2020 was fourth-warmest October on record, NOAA and NASA report https://yaleclimateconnections.org/2020/11/october-2020-was-fourth-warmest-october-on-record-noaa-and-nasa-report/

About 150 nations due to deliver stronger climate plans in 2020, tracker shows https://news.trust.org/item/20201117175517-jvbl7/

New Zealand marine heatwave looms following warmest winter on record https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/18/new-zealand-marine-heatwave-looms-following-warmest-winter-on-record

More meteorological events that drive compound coastal flooding are projected under climate change https://www.nature.com/articles/s43247-020-00044-z

As Australia’s climate plans lag on the G20 stage, experts say we can no longer ‘hide in the shadows’ https://www.sbs.com.au/news/as-australia-s-climate-plans-lag-on-the-g20-stage-experts-say-we-can-no-longer-hide-in-the-shadows

As 2020 Amazon fire season winds down, Brazil carbon emissions rise https://news.mongabay.com/2020/11/as-2020-amazon-fire-season-winds-down-brazil-carbon-emissions-rise/

Geoscientists discover Ancestral Puebloans survived from ice melt in New Mexico lava tubes https://phys.org/news/2020-11-geoscientists-ancestral-puebloans-survived-ice.html

Flooding will become common in sea level rise hot spots https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/11/seas-are-rising-faster-ever

Climate risk country profile: Sri Lanka https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/74781

Disaster risk reduction

Pakistan: Building resilience against floods in its largest city https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74703

1.47 billion people face flood risk worldwide: for over a third, it could be devastating https://blogs.worldbank.org/climatechange/147-billion-people-face-flood-risk-worldwide-over-third-it-could-be-devastating

Landslide along Alaskan fjord could trigger tsunami https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74711

Private land blocking the connections between rivers and floodplains in the Murray-Darling Basin https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-11-17/murray-darling-missing-water-in-floodplains/12887342

California will burnhttps://chico.newsreview.com/2020/11/12/california-will-burn/

Duterte backs river basin project in Bicol https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1121908

World Disasters Report 2020 https://media.ifrc.org/ifrc/world-disaster-report-2020

The National Risk Index is a new, online mapping application from FEMA that identifies communities most at risk to 18 natural hazards https://www.fema.gov/flood-maps/products-tools/national-risk-index

Leaving the shore: what drives decision-making after coastal disasters https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74750

SCHEMATA: Using machine learning on datasets obtained by Earth and space exploration, we will classify and compare the river networks of Earth, Mars and Titan. https://www.schemata-project.com/

Piecing together the Alaska coastline’s fractured volcanic activity https://phys.org/news/2020-11-piecing-alaska-coastline-fractured-volcanic.html

Evidence from one of Earth’s biggest underwater landslides ever sheds light on East African rifting https://phys.org/news/2020-11-evidence-earth-biggest-underwater-landslides.html

Volcanic eruptions have more effect in summer https://phys.org/news/2020-11-volcanic-eruptions-effect-summer.html

Another Record-Breaking Fire Season Shows the Need for a Comprehensive Strategy https://www.rand.org/blog/2020/11/another-record-breaking-fire-season-shows-the-need.html

South West Indian Ocean countries strengthen early warning systems https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74768

Emergency management

Annual report on firefighter fatalities in the United Stateshttps://www.usfa.fema.gov/data/statistics/ff_fatality_reports.html

Federal Government responds to bushfire royal commission, will create national state of emergency https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-11-13/government-response-bushfire-royal-commission-recommendations/12879862

Incremental community-based exit strategies for initiating and removing COVID-19 lockdownshttps://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/71422

VP Robredo seeks probe into deadly historic flooding in Cagayanhttps://news.abs-cbn.com/news/11/16/20/vp-robredo-seeks-probe-into-deadly-historic-flooding-in-cagayan

Forensic analysis reveals the causes of building damage in İzmir in the Oct. 30 Aegean Sea earthquake https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74733

Coronavirus: four traps governments fall into when making decisions about lockdown https://theconversation.com/coronavirus-four-traps-governments-fall-into-when-making-decisions-about-lockdown-149684

National emergency laws but no sovereign aerial firefighting fleet https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/national-emergency-laws-but-no-sovereign-aerial-firefighting-fleet-20201113-p56eev.html

Son of Grenfell Tower fire victim: ‘My mother could have survived’ https://www.bbc.com/news/av/uk-54965866

More people are getting COVID-19 twice, suggesting immunity wanes quickly in some https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/11/more-people-are-getting-covid-19-twice-suggesting-immunity-wanes-quickly-some

Final report: Six country evaluation of OXFAM America’s strengthening community preparedness, rapid response and recovery in Asia/Pacific islands and Central America https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/74780

Flood Emergency Planning for Disaster Resilience Handbook https://knowledge.aidr.org.au/resources/handbook-flood-planning/

Disaster education, communications and engagement

New Firewise community takes shape in Wallowa County https://www.wallowa.com/news/new-firewise-community-takes-shape-in-wallowa-county/article_55e8d122-fa00-11ea-baa3-c7e3ddfdc63d.html

Social for science: Using smartphone photos for research https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/social-science-using-smartphone-photos-research

Journalism can help communities with these five pillars of ethical disaster reporting https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74751

Psychology and disasters

Dynamic-data-driven agent-based modeling for the prediction of evacuation behavior during hurricanes https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345838782_Dynamic-data-driven_agent-based_modeling_for_the_prediction_of_evacuation_behavior_during_hurricanes

Virtual Reality and the COVID Mental Health Crisis https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/virtual-reality-and-the-covid-mental-health-crisis/

Coronavirus is no longer seen as high risk by many – and that’s undermining control measures https://theconversation.com/coronavirus-is-no-longer-seen-as-high-risk-by-many-and-thats-undermining-control-measures-149026

Finding a New Normal: Life After a Natural Disaster – Video Series and Resources for Teens https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/teens/finding_a_new_normal.html

Sociology and disasters

Human Vulnerability to Landslides https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2020GH000287

The Influence of Reconstruction Modality, Social Capital, and Community Satisfaction on Willingness to Participate in Resilience-Building Activities https://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/9780784482889.014

Japanese Social Capital and Social Vulnerability Indices: Measuring Drivers of Community Resilience 2000-2017 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345814132_Japanese_Social_Capital_and_Social_Vulnerability_Indices_Measuring_Drivers_of_Community_Resilience_2000-2017

The super-wealthy won big as COVID-19 spread – here’s how they can help alleviate the economic peril faced by most https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/10/the-rich-got-richer-during-the-pandemic-and-that-s-a-daunting-sign-for-our-recovery

Ethics and equity in the time of Coronavirus https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/74725

Who should get the coronavirus vaccine first? France and the UK have different answers https://theconversation.com/who-should-get-the-coronavirus-vaccine-first-france-and-the-uk-have-different-answers-149875?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=bylinetwitterbutton

How natural hazards impact the social environment for vulnerable groups: an empirical investigation in Japan https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344282545_How_natural_hazards_impact_the_social_environment_for_vulnerable_groups_an_empirical_investigation_in_Japan

Only a generic, not-for-profit COVID-19 vaccine can protect the world’s poorest https://news.trust.org/item/20201117160928-cozr9/

Published by

NeilDufty

I am a Principal at Molino Stewart Pty Ltd, an Australian-based environment and natural hazards company - see https://molinostewart.com.au/. I specialise in the community aspects of disaster risk reduction and emergency management. Samples of my research and projects can be accessed at https://works.bepress.com/neil_dufty/ Check out my latest book 'Disaster Education, Communication and Engagement' at https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119569796/ref=dbs_a_def_rwt_bibl_vppi_i6 I am also a published fiction writer specialising in short stories and poems - see https://neilduftyfiction.com/

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