Today in disaster resilience (24 January 2020)

disaster

Please find below links to recent news about some aspects of disaster resilience…

Recent emergencies/disaster

Cyclone Tino: Evacuation centres open in Fiji as storm drives across Pacific https://www.newshub.co.nz/home/world/2020/01/cyclone-tino-evacuation-centres-open-in-fiji-as-storm-drives-across-pacific.html

Zimbabwe – Floods Cause Havoc in Matabeleland North http://floodlist.com/africa/zimbabwe-floods-matabeleland-north-january-2020

Fiji – Flash Floods From Tropical Cyclone “Tino” Leave 2 Dead http://floodlist.com/australia/fiji-tropical-cyclone-tino-january-2020

Brazil – 6 Dead After Flash Floods and Landslides in Espirito Santo http://floodlist.com/america/brazil-floods-espirito-santo-january-2020

Bolivia – 6 Dead as Severe Weather Triggers Floods and Landslides http://floodlist.com/america/bolivia-floods-january-2020

Papua New Guinea – Hundreds Displaced After Floods in Eastern Highlands Province http://floodlist.com/asia/papua-new-guinea-hundreds-displaced-after-floods-in-eastern-highlands-province

Dust storms turn central NSW towns dark https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/massive-dust-clouds-turn-day-into-night-in-central-nsw-20200120-p53sut.html

Flooding, landslides kill six in Brazil https://phys.org/news/2020-01-landslides-brazil.html

Canberra hailstorm prompts record call out for help to ACT SES https://www.canberratimes.com.au/story/6589708/the-hailstorm-set-a-new-record-for-calls-to-help-to-act-ses/

Indonesia – 7 Dead After Floods Cause Bridge to Collapse in Bengkulu Province http://floodlist.com/asia/indonesia-floods-bridge-bengkulu-january-2020

Guatemala – Over 500 Evacuated After Floods in Alta Verapaz and Izabal http://floodlist.com/america/guatemala-altaverapaz-izabal-floods-january-2020

Mozambique – Floods Leave 28 Dead, 58,000 Affected, Says UN http://floodlist.com/africa/mozambique-floods-january-2020-update

Indonesia – Heavy Rain Triggers Flooding in Central Java and West Sumatra http://floodlist.com/asia/indonesia-floods-centraljava-westsumatra-january-2020

Spain – Storm Surge From Storm Gloria Reaches 3km Inland http://floodlist.com/europe/spain-storm-gloria-floods-january-2020

Argentina – Evacuations After Floods in Tucumán Province http://floodlist.com/america/argentina-floods-tucuman-january-2020

Madagascar – Floods and Landslides Leave 6 Dead, More Severe Weather Forecast http://floodlist.com/africa/madagascar-floods-january-2020

Widespread flooding continues in Southern Africa, significantly affecting crops and livestock https://watchers.news/2020/01/22/widespread-flooding-continues-in-southern-africa-significantly-affecting-crops-and-livestock/

Lava now visible at White Island, elevated state of unrest continues, New Zealand https://watchers.news/2020/01/22/lava-now-visible-at-white-island-elevated-state-of-unrest-continues-new-zealand/

Storm Gloria floods major river delta in eastern Spain https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-51206054

Volcanic activity worldwide 23 Jan 2020: Klyuchevskoy volcano, Popocatépetl, Dukono, Reventador https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/volcano-activity/news/96634/Volcanic-activity-worldwide-23-Jan-2020-Klyuchevskoy-volcano-Popocatepetl-Dukono-Reventador-Sa.html

Everything you need to know as the China coronavirus spreads https://www.latimes.com/science/story/2020-01-23/coronavirus-what-i-need-to-know-as-china-virus-spreads

Peru – Homes Damaged After Heavy Rain Triggers Floods and Landslides in Arequipa http://floodlist.com/america/peru-floods-landslides-arequipa-january-2020

Major Chinese city goes into lockdown as new virus death toll rises to at least 17 – Wuhan, Hubei https://watchers.news/2020/01/23/major-chinese-city-goes-into-lockdown-as-new-virus-death-toll-rises-to-at-least-17-wuhan-hubei/

 

Extreme Weather and Climate Change

David Attenborough calls Australia’s bushfires ‘the moment of crisis’ to address climate change https://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2020/jan/17/david-attenborough-calls-australias-bushfires-the-moment-of-crisis-to-address-climate-change?CMP=share_btn_tw

The climate factors contributing to Australia’s bushfires are strikingly similar to those at play in California https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2020/01/how-climate-change-influenced-australias-unprecedented-fires/

Fiji calls for urgent action on climate crisis as second cyclone hits in three weeks https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/17/fiji-calls-for-urgent-action-on-climate-crisis-as-second-cyclone-hits-in-three-weeks

From “wet bulb” heat waves that create deadly humidity to cascading economic effects of sea level rise, a new report catalogs some of the unanticipated consequences of runaway global warming https://www.fastcompany.com/90452018/climate-change-wont-result-in-a-new-normal-but-in-constant-horrifying-new-disasters

Climate risk and response: Physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/sustainability/our-insights/climate-risk-and-response-physical-hazards-and-socioeconomic-impacts

The misallocation of climate research funding https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629619309119

Annual CEO survey found 65% of bosses were worried about climate, even before the bushfire crisis peaked https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2020/jan/21/most-australian-chief-executives-believe-climate-crisis-a-threat-to-business?CMP=share_btn_tw

Experts say judgment is ‘tipping point’ that opens the door to climate crisis claims for protection https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jan/20/climate-refugees-cant-be-returned-home-says-landmark-un-human-rights-ruling?CMP=share_btn_tw

Why we can no longer ignore consecutive disasters https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019EF001425

RBA told to ‘mobilise all forces’ to save the economy from climate change https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/rba-told-to-mobilise-all-forces-to-save-the-economy-from-climate-change-20200120-p53szi.html

This is what climate change looks like https://sophieclewis.com/2020/01/20/this-is-what-climate-change-looks-like/

Emissions of potent greenhouse gas have grown, contradicting reports of huge reductions https://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2020/january/hfc-23-emissions-.html

Could Australia’s bushfire disaster alter the conversation on climate change? https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/could-australias-bushfire-disaster-change-the-conversation-on-climate-change

Bushfires have effectively doubled Australia’s annual greenhouse gas output https://earther.gizmodo.com/australias-bushfires-have-likely-doubled-the-nations-ca-1841135988?IR=T

Projected Changes to Extreme Runoff and Precipitation Events From a Downscaled Simulation Over the Western United States https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/feart.2019.00355/full

Landmark climate migration decision http://blogs.law.columbia.edu/climatechange/2020/01/21/landmark-u-n-decision-says-countries-may-not-turn-away-climate-migrants-in-the-future/

Funding to build seawalls in the Torres Strait, amidst calls for climate change action https://www.sbs.com.au/nitv/article/2019/12/22/funding-build-seawalls-torres-strait-amidst-calls-climate-change-action

Weather shows evidence of climate change every single day since 2012 https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/01/weather-shows-evidence-of-climate-change-every-single-day-since-2012/

Rising temperatures put more US workers at risk of dying from heat https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jan/22/heat-deaths-workers-safety-climate-crisis?platform=hootsuite

The ‘Doomsday Clock’ has jumped closer to midnight than ever as nuclear weapons and climate disasters turn the world into a ‘pressure cooker https://www.businessinsider.com.au/doomsday-clock-moves-closer-to-midnight-than-ever-2020-1

Climate change-driven sea-level rise could trigger mass migration of Americans to inland cities, finds new AI study https://viterbischool.usc.edu/news/2020/01/sea-level-rise-could-reshape-the-united-states-trigger-migration-inland/

Modeling migration patterns in the USA under sea level rise https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0227436

 

Disaster risk reduction

Treat coastal erosion as a natural catastrophe, UK ministers urged https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/19/treat-coastal-erosion-as-natural-catastrophe-uk-ministers-urged-east-yorkshire

Normalised insurance losses from Australian natural disasters: 1966–2017 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17477891.2019.1609406

Applicability of Hydrological Models for Flash Flood Simulation in Small Catchments of Hilly Area in China https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/geo.2019.11.issue-1/geo-2019-0089/geo-2019-0089.xml?lang=en

Scientists fear major volcanic eruption in the Philippines https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00128-y?utm_source=twt_nnc&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=naturenews&sf228580451=1

Study finds flooding damage to levees is cumulative—and often invisible https://phys.org/news/2020-01-levees-cumulativeand-invisible.html

Boston Pushes Flood Resilience with New Design Guidelines https://www.buildinggreen.com/newsbrief/boston-pushes-flood-resilience-new-design-guidelines

Has NSW seen more than twice the amount of prescribed burning this decade compared with the last? https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-22/prescribed-burning-nsw-backburning-hazard-reduction/11878316

What Controls How Quickly Faults Heal? https://eos.org/editor-highlights/what-controls-how-quickly-faults-heal

Six of the top 10 costliest disasters of 2019 were flood https://www.aon.com/global-weather-catastrophe-natural-disasters-costs-climate-change-2019-annual-report/index.html

On the Need for Prospective Disaster Survey Panels https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/disaster-medicine-and-public-health-preparedness/article/on-the-need-for-prospective-disaster-survey-panels/9ADCB98F8BA38C579996E3B07CC402A6

Floods could cost Solihull £6.4m without prevention, engineers warn https://solihullobserver.co.uk/news/floods-could-cost-solihull-6-4m-without-prevention-engineers-warn/

The Texas General Land Office announced over the weekend it was giving the city $1.3 million to buy homes and allow those residents to move to an area that doesn’t flood as often https://www.kristv.com/city-mulls-which-houses-will-benefit-from-state-flood-relief

Flooding risks could devalue Florida real estate https://floridapolitics.com/archives/316631-reports-flooding-risks-could-devalue-florida-real-estate

Intensification of short-duration rainfall extremes and implications for flash flood risks https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2020/02/rainfall-extremes/

InSAR shows massive ground deformation around the erupting Taal Volcano https://temblor.net/earthquake-insights/insar-shows-massive-ground-deformation-around-the-erupting-taal-volcano-10414/

Vesuvius eruption baked some people to death—and turned one brain to glass https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/01/vesuvius-baked-people-turned-brain-to-glass/

Evidence to explain behavior of slow earthquakes https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200123115911.htm

As Climate Risks Worsen, U.S. Flood Buyouts Fail to Meet the Need https://e360.yale.edu/features/as-climate-risks-worsen-u.s.-flood-buyouts-fail-to-meet-the-need

In an ideal world we would have river discharge measurements for every river spanning many decades and updated in real time. We all know this is very far from reality with severe gaps in the global observing network https://hepex.inrae.fr/glofas-era5-reanalysis/

Wildfire risk can be reduced with agroforestry https://phys.org/news/2020-01-wildfire-agroforestry.html

Lessons from California fires: Investing in resilience is key https://www.zurichna.com/en/about/news/news-releases/2020/lessons-from-california-fires-investing-in-resilience-is-key

Ireland: The details of the flood risk and proposed feasible measures for each of the 300 studied communities is set out in 29 Flood Risk Management Plans https://www.gov.ie/en/news/4a685e-minister-flood-relief-works/

Risk assessment for areas prone to flooding and subsidence: a case study from Bergen, Western Norway https://iwaponline.com/hr/article/doi/10.2166/nh.2019.030/71712/Risk-assessment-for-areas-prone-to-flooding-and

 

Emergency management

Parts of the NSW are reopening for business just weeks after bushfires ravaged local lives – and livelihoods. Businesses are desperate for people to return https://www.news.com.au/finance/business/travel/rising-up-from-the-ashes-bushfire-affected-regions-reopen-for-business/news-story/

Army chief warns continued disaster relief efforts will cost them readiness https://www.cp24.com/news/army-chief-warns-continued-disaster-relief-efforts-will-cost-them-readiness-1.4774747

How long is recovery? https://sastrugi.me/2020/01/20/this-is-how-long-it-takes/

Managed retreat presents a dilemma for at-risk communities: the countervailing imperatives of moving out of harm’s way versus retaining ties to community and place https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/2/736/htm

Rain has helped slow Australia’s fires, but it’s far from a knockout blow https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-21/australia-fires-slowed-but-not-stopped-by-rain/11885152

Update and Interim Guidance on Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, China https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00426.asp

Australia fires: What’s being done to fight the flames? https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-51008051

Three Americans killed in plane crash while fighting Australia’s wildfires https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/plane-fighting-australia-s-wildfires-goes-missing-n1120936

45 million people across Southern Africa face hunger following natural disasters and economic disarray https://watchers.news/2020/01/23/45-million-people-across-southern-africa-face-hunger-following-natural-disasters-and-economic-disarray/

 

Disaster education, communications and engagement

Remote sensing analyses on Twitter. Part 1: floods https://labo.obs-mip.fr/multitemp/my-remote-sensing-analyses-on-twitter-part-1-floods/

Remote sensing analyses on Twitter. Part 2: landslides https://labo.obs-mip.fr/multitemp/my-remote-sensing-analyses-on-twitter-part-2-landslides/

A glossary providing the vocabulary necessary to understand the modern glacier environment https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1216/index2.html

National Park Service’s $1.2M project preserving Johnstown Flood history https://triblive.com/lifestyles/more-lifestyles/national-park-services-1-2m-project-preserving-johnstown-flood-history/

What to do in a flood https://flood-warning-information.service.gov.uk/what-to-do-in-a-flood

Campaign to show impact of flooding on mental health launched https://governmentbusiness.co.uk/news/21012020/campaign-show-impact-flooding-mental-health-launched

Ireland’s national flood information portal, providing location specific access to flood risk and flood management information http://www.floodinfo.ie/

Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities: how to create community buy-in https://floodresilience.net/blogs/flood-resilience-measurement-for-communities-how-to-create-community-buy-in

 

Psychology and Disasters

A familiar place among the chaos: how schools can help students cope after the bushfires https://theconversation.com/a-familiar-place-among-the-chaos-how-schools-can-help-students-cope-after-the-bushfires-129904

Flooding increases the chance of depression by 50% https://environmentjournal.online/articles/flooding-increases-the-chance-of-depression-by-50/

Impacts of Wildfire on Children https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-319-51727-8_90-1

 

Sociology and disasters

Neighborhood Ties Reduced Depressive Symptoms in Older Disaster Survivors: Iwanuma Study, a Natural Experiment https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/1/337

Risk of natural hazards and the coping capacity of the South African community in Auckland https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJDRBE-06-2019-0030/full/html

Published by

NeilDufty

I am a Principal at Molino Stewart Pty Ltd, an Australian-based environment and natural hazards company - see https://molinostewart.com.au/. I specialise in the community aspects of disaster risk reduction and emergency management. Samples of my research and projects can be accessed at https://works.bepress.com/neil_dufty/ I am also a published fiction writer specialising in short stories and poems - see https://neilduftyfiction.com/

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