Today in disaster resilience (31 August 2018)

disaster

Please find below links to some aspects of disaster resilience that were in the news recently…

Recent emergencies/disasters

Lane batters Hawaii with life-threatening flooding, dozens of landslides https://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/reports-hurricane-lane-batters-hawaii-with-life-threatening-flooding-dozens-of-landslides/70005881

NASA images from space show a world on fire https://www.sfgate.com/science/article/NASA-images-from-space-show-a-world-on-fire-13180187.php?utm_campaign=twitter-mobile&utm_source=CMS%20Sharing%20Button&utm_medium=social

Lane’s Rains Topple Records, Inundate Parts of Big Island https://www.wunderground.com/cat6/Lanes-Rains-Topple-Records-Inundate-Parts-Big-Island

Afghanistan – Deadly Flash Floods Hit Kunar Province http://floodlist.com/asia/afghanistan-flash-floods-kunar-province-august-2018?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

Taiwan – Floods Leave 7 Dead, Thousands Displaced http://floodlist.com/asia/taiwan-floods-rainfall-august-2018

Over 1,200 people killed in South Asia monsoon http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/world/over-1-200-people-killed-in-south-asia-monsoon/article/530462

More than 50,000 evacuated in Myanmar as homes, shops flooded after dam fails https://www.reuters.com/article/us-myanmar-dam/myanmar-dam-breach-floods-town-two-villages-blocks-highway-fire-department-idUSKCN1LE09D

A map of fires burning across the globe https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/map-of-worlds-wildfires

2018 now worst fire season on record as B.C. extends state of emergency https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/state-of-emergency-extended-as-2018-becomes-worst-b-c-wildfire-season-on-record-1.4803546

Flood hits 8 local government areas in Kano state http://guardian.ng/news/flood-hits-8-local-government-areas-in-kano-state/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

483 Dead, 14 Missing In Kerala Floods https://www.ommcomnews.com/india-news/483-dead-14-missing-in-kerala-floods-vijayan

Midwest: Severe storms lead to widespread flooding and high water rescues, leave 110 000 without power https://watchers.news/2018/08/30/midwest-severe-storms-lead-to-widespread-flooding-and-high-water-rescues-leave-110-000-without-power/

High-impact eruption at Manam volcano, 2 000 people flee from lava flows, ash up to 15 km a.s.l., PNG https://watchers.news/2018/08/26/high-impact-eruption-at-manam-volcano-2-000-people-flee-from-lava-flows-ash-up-to-15-km-a-s-l-png/

Volcanic activity worldwide 30 Aug 2018: Krakatau volcano, Dukono, Turrialba, Sangay, Sakurajima https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/volcano-activity/news/70376/Volcanic-activity-worldwide-30-Aug-2018-Krakatau-volcano-Dukono-Turrialba-Sangay-Sakurajima-Sa.html

 

Extreme Weather and Climate Change

Supersized solar farms are sprouting around the world (and maybe in space, too) https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/supersized-solar-farms-are-sprouting-around-world-maybe-space-too-ncna901666

Climate change worsens extreme weather and hurts people of color the most https://www.mediamatters.org/blog/2018/08/24/video-climate-change-worsens-extreme-weather-and-hurts-people-color-most-when-will-mainstream-media/221095

Hurricane Lane Brings Hawaii a Warning About Future Storm Risk https://insideclimatenews.org/news/25082018/hurricane-lane-climate-change-ocean-sea-surface-temperature-hawaii-global-warming-tropical-weather

Climate change denial strongly linked to right-wing nationalism https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/cuot-ccd082118.php

‘It’s alarming’: Wildfire emissions grow to triple B.C.’s annual carbon footprint https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/it-s-alarming-wildfire-emissions-grow-to-triple-b-c-s-annual-carbon-footprint-1.4259306

California’s Fourth Climate Assessment http://www.climateassessment.ca.gov/

The Arctic’s ‘last bastion’ of sea ice is breaking up for the first time on record https://edition.cnn.com/2018/08/23/world/arctic-sea-ice-breakup-greenland-trnd-wxc/index.html

Climate change is real. We must not offer credibility to those who deny it https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/aug/26/climate-change-is-real-we-must-not-offer-credibility-to-those-who-deny-it?CMP=share_btn_tw

How Wildfires Can Affect Climate Change (and Vice Versa) https://insideclimatenews.org/news/23082018/extreme-wildfires-climate-change-global-warming-air-pollution-fire-management-black-carbon-co2

Australia Wilts From Climate Change. Why Can’t Its Politicians Act? https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/21/world/australia/australia-climate-change-malcolm-turnbull.html?smid=fb-nytimes&smtyp=cur

The human role in this summer’s heat https://vancouversun.com/opinion/op-ed/simon-donner-the-human-role-in-this-summers-heat

Drought is inevitable, Mr Joyce https://theconversation.com/drought-is-inevitable-mr-joyce-101444

Richard Glover on climate policy: Australia insignificant? Pathetic and absurd https://www.smh.com.au/opinion/richard-glover-on-climate-policy-australia-insignificant–pathetic-and-absurd-20180821-h149jc.html

Global warming is changing the jet stream, increasing extreme weather events https://aboutclimatechange.com/global-warming-changing-jet-stream-extreme-heat-drought-rainfall/

Dual Climate and Mitigation Plans Get Santa Cruz, Calif., into Action http://www.govtech.com/em/preparedness/Dual-Climate-and-Mitigation-Plans-Get-Santa-Cruz-Calif-into-Action.html

Earth is the warmest it’s been in 120,000 years https://mashable.com/2018/08/27/earth-warmest-temperatures-climate-change/?europe=true&utm_cid=hp-h-1#YmzOlil62iqH

All models used by Bureau now point to El Nino by the end of spring https://www.smh.com.au/environment/sustainability/all-models-used-by-bureau-now-point-to-el-nino-by-the-end-of-spring-20180828-p500cb.html

Hawaii Begins to Tally Costs, Contemplate a Future of Extreme Rainfall https://www.climateliabilitynews.org/2018/08/28/hawaii-climate-costs-hurricane-lane/

What we knew when about global warming https://www.themonthly.com.au/issue/2018/august/1533045600/lesley-hughes/what-we-knew-when-about-global-warming

Global sea-level budget 1993–present https://www.earth-syst-sci-data.net/10/1551/2018/essd-10-1551-2018.pdf

Inequity amplified: climate change, the Australian farmer, and mental health https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2018/209/4/inequity-amplified-climate-change-australian-farmer-and-mental-health

Far-sighted adaptation to rising seas is blocked by just fixing eroded beaches https://theconversation.com/far-sighted-adaptation-to-rising-seas-is-blocked-by-just-fixing-eroded-beaches-96503?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=twitterbutton

Last Glacier Standing in Venezuela https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/92659/last-glacier-standing-in-venezuela

A modest 0.5-m rise in sea level will double the tsunami hazard in Macau http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/8/eaat1180.full

Heat is not just about hardware – it’s about people http://news.trust.org/item/20180828094854-pub98

Rising CO2 levels could push ‘hundreds of millions’ into malnutrition by 2050 https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/60195

Sri Lanka getting ahead of disaster risks http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/2018/08/getting-ahead-of-disaster-risks/

Disaster on the horizon: the price effect of sea level rise https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/60097

Scientists say climate change models need to be revised after back-to-back summers of wildfire emergencies https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/the-future-looks-grim-after-2-years-of-devastating-b-c-wildfires-1.4801181

Global warming is intensifying El Niño weather https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2018/aug/29/global-warming-is-intensifying-el-nino-weather?CMP=share_btn_tw

What Is Going on with the Weather? Reflections on Gaps Between Data and Experience https://www.epicpeople.org/data-and-experience/

As climate change takes hold, temperature records are being broken around the world month by month. What does that look like – and how are people responding? http://news.trust.org/packages/rising-heat/

Dry times to continue as BOM releases grim spring outlook http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-08-30/dry-times-ahead-as-bom-releases-spring-outlook/10177842

Climate change can be deadly if you live alone https://theconversation.com/climate-change-can-be-deadly-if-you-live-alone-100881

Global warming to increase water in South Asian rivers http://www.eco-business.com/news/global-warming-to-increase-water-in-south-asian-rivers/

Local Efforts Noble, But Study Shows Scale of Climate Threat Demands ‘Heavy Lifting’ of National Governments https://www.commondreams.org/news/2018/08/30/local-efforts-noble-study-shows-scale-climate-threat-demands-heavy-lifting-national

 

Disaster risk reduction

Check out the latest articles to appear soon in Disaster Prevention and Management https://www.emeraldinsight.com/toc/dpm/0/0

Urban resilience implementation: A policy challenge and research agenda for the 21st century https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/1468-5973.12233

Kerala floods: Poor dam management behind disasters, experts say https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/kerala-floods-poor-dam-management-behind-disasters-experts-say/story-WR43JJjuHQjYRms3m2VxhI.html

Harris County voters pass $2.5 billion flood bond https://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Harris-County-voters-pass-2-5-billion-flood-bond-13182853.php

Building Resilience in an Urban Coastal Environment https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2193.html

Hurricane Harvey Is Houston’s Unending Nightmare https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/08/hurricane-harvey-is-houstons-unending-nightmare/568579/

India among nations most affected by landslides due to human activities: study https://www.livemint.com/Politics/vJOn6G5QmwK4EMTevhBiUL/India-among-nations-most-affected-by-landslides-due-to-human.html

Managing Forests to Reduce Wildfire Risks http://www.ppic.org/blog/managing-forests-to-reduce-wildfire-risks/#.W4MfodP4YG5.twitter

Global disaster losses totalled $36 billion in the first half of 2018 http://www.aidforum.org/Topics/disaster-relief/global-disaster-losses-cost-36-billion-in-the-first-half-of-2018/

Disaster risk-informed strategies for sustainable development https://www.unisdr.org/archive/60137

Would an eruption in Melbourne really match Hawaii’s volcanoes? Here’s the evidence https://theconversation.com/would-an-eruption-in-melbourne-really-match-hawaiis-volcanoes-heres-the-evidence-101675?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=twitterbutton

Réunion Island volcano https://www.volcanocafe.org/reunion-island/

Earth’s Deadliest Mass Extinction Was Driven by Toxic Volcano Plumes https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/8xbjwk/earths-deadliest-mass-extinction-was-driven-by-toxic-volcano-plumes

The global value of mangroves for risk reduction https://floodresilience.net/resources/item/the-global-value-of-mangroves-for-risk-reduction

Santa Rosa County selected for coastal resiliency training program https://www.pnj.com/story/news/2018/08/26/santa-rosa-county-selected-coastal-resiliency-training-program/1066422002/

Dams and water reservoirs need flood management systems that use scientific methods to understand when the time is right to open the gates https://sandrp.in/2018/08/27/drp-news-bulletin-27-august-2018-wrong-management-of-dams-create-floods-accept-officials-and-experts/

People living near waterways must choose between moving away or building ever-larger flood defences https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/aug/27/weatherwatch-climate-change-raises-flood-risks-for-river-communities?CMP=share_btn_tw

Why Hurricanes Like Lane May Become More Common In Hawaii https://www.forbes.com/sites/marshallshepherd/2018/08/25/why-hurricanes-like-lane-may-become-more-common-in-hawaii/#4f4d907850a1

Characterizing the Spatial Scales of Extreme Daily Precipitation in the United States https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0019.1?journalCode=clim

Mapping global landslides https://blogs.agu.org/landslideblog/2018/08/28/mapping-global-landslides/

Buyouts Bring Promise and Challenges to Flood-Affected Homeowners https://kinder.rice.edu/2018/08/20/buyouts-bring-promise-and-challenges-flood-affected-homeowners

Visualising the 2018 Kerala Floods https://mdm.users.earthengine.app/view/kerala-flood-2018

How Landslides Become Disasters https://eos.org/project-updates/how-landslides-become-disasters

Global patterns of interannual climate–fire relationships https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.14405

Routes to resilience: insights from BRACED final year http://www.braced.org/resources/i/routes-to-resilience-insights-from-BRACED-final-year/

Strengthening Resilient Livelihood http://www.kh.undp.org/content/cambodia/en/home/operations/projects/build-resilience/SRL.html

Flood risk analysis & flood warning systems for Malaysia https://www.ambientalrisk.com/flood-risk-analysis-flood-warning-systems-malaysia/

Google bets on artificial intelligence to tackle floods, diseases https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/india/google-bets-on-artificial-intelligence-to-tackle-floods-diseases-2890161.html

What is nuisance flooding? Defining and monitoring an emerging challenge https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/60174

Preparing for the next storm: Learning from the man-made environmental disasters that followed Hurricane Harvey https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/60070

Understanding epistemic uncertainty in large-scale coastal flood risk assessment for present and future climates https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/59986

Reckoning with History: Wildfire suppression is a decades-old conundrum https://www.hcn.org/articles/reckoning-with-history-wildfire-suppression-in-wilderness-a-decades-old-conundrum

Latest edition of Natural Hazards Disaster Research https://hazards.colorado.edu/disaster-research/current

State Disclosure Laws Leave Homebuyers in the Dark About Flood Risks https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2018/08/28/state-disclosure-laws-flood-risks/

Bushfire threat now a year-round situation in Australia, expert warns http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-08-29/year-round-bushfire-warnings-needed-australia/10168204

Artificial intelligence nails predictions of earthquake aftershocks https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06091-z?sf196497354=1

Houston’s Resilience Challenge http://100resilientcities.org/cities/houston/

Alpine Fault quake: It will ‘likely happen in the lifetime of many Kiwis’ https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/106661445/alpine-fault-quake-it-will-likely-happen-in-the-lifetime-of-many-new-zealanders

Open data for resilience https://index.opendri.org/

Solomon Islands communities are exposed to a number of natural hazards, exacerbated by climate change https://undp-adaptation.exposure.co/wea-nao-bae-iu-go-where-will-you-go

Scientists develop low-cost flood sensing system https://phys.org/news/2018-08-scientists-low-cost.html

How past floods are shaping France’s future https://www.jbarisk.com/news-blogs/how-past-floods-are-shaping-frances-future/

 

Emergency Management

Kerala floods: Homes damaged, people afraid to leave camps https://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-kerala-floods-homes-damaged-people-afraid-to-leave-camps-2654708

Big data and technology in disasters: Better integration needed for effective response https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180822141040.htm

After disaster alert failures, U.S. moves toward national system https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-disaster-alerts/after-disaster-alert-failures-u-s-moves-toward-national-system-idUSKBN1KU1C1

Sydney Airport’s disaster response tested in major emergency exercise https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/sydney-airport-s-disaster-response-tested-in-major-emergency-exercise-20180823-p4zz6k.html

FEMA updates US nuclear disaster plans http://thehill.com/policy/national-security/403481-fema-updates-us-nuclear-disaster-plans

India wins praise for ‘exemplary’ flood relief as community pitches in https://www.zilient.org/article/india-wins-praise-exemplary-flood-relief-community-pitches

Not All Fires Are Equal https://www.wnycstudios.org/story/not-all-fires-are-equal

Bridging the information gap of disaster responders by optimizing data selection using cost and quality https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009830041730571X

Puerto Rico raises official Hurricane Maria death toll from 64 to 2,975 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/28/hurricane-maria-new-death-toll-estimate-is-close-to-3000?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

Nearly 10 percent of Texans displaced by Harvey still haven’t gone home, survey says https://www.texastribune.org/2018/08/23/fema-and-texas-dont-know-how-many-people-hurricane-harvey-displaced/?utm_campaign=trib-social&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&utm_content=1535121514

Standard operating procedure for flood early warning system in Nepal https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/60042

Kerala floods: NASA satellite images show devastating effect of deluges in India from space https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/nasa-satellite-images-show-devastating-effect-of-kerala-floods-from-space-a3921261.html

Quick Emergency Response Requires Speedy Data https://hazards.colorado.edu/article/neutralized-by-the-net-quick-emergency-response-requires-speedy-data

Here’s how the pros fight wildfires https://earther.gizmodo.com/heres-how-the-pros-fight-wildfires-1828654925?IR=T

How technology is helping responders save lives during disasters like the California wildfires https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/08/21/how-technology-is-helping-those-responding-to-disasters-like-the-california-wildfires-save-lives/

13 Years Later: Is Thailand Better Prepared for Tsunamis? https://medium.com/undp-in-asia-and-the-pacific/13-years-later-is-thailand-better-prepared-for-tsunamis-ff1cc45dffdf

Harvey overwhelmed emergency preparations https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/08/30/magazine/hurricane-harvey-houston-floods-texas-emergency.html?imp_id=960949758&action=click&module=Top%20Stories&pgtype=Homepage

Mark Schuller Associate Professor at Northern Illinois University talks about failures to help Puerto Rico at the time of need https://sputniknews.com/us/201808111067117053-puerto-rico-disaster-usa-fail-explained/

Earthquake early-warning system successfully sent alarm before temblor felt in Pasadena http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-quake-early-warning-20180829-story.html

Disaster education, communications and engagement

Smartphones may help predict flash floods soon, says study https://www.gadgetsnow.com/tech-news/smartphones-may-help-predict-flash-floods-soon-says-study/articleshow/65541646.cms

As Floods Worsen, Marshall Shepherd Works to Translate Science Into Action http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2018/08/27/as-floods-worsen-marshall-shepherd-works-to-translate-science-into-action

Of hope and resilience: Children of Kerala dare to dream, refuse to bow down in the face of adversity https://www.timesnownews.com/india/article/kerala-floods-of-hope-and-resilience-children-of-kerala-dare-to-dream-refuse-to-bow-down-in-the-face-of-adversity-watch-video-kerala-news-kerala/274950

The Day After, Today https://www.wnycstudios.org/story/day-after-today-1

Remote Indigenous communities welcome two-way training https://www.bnhcrc.com.au/hazardnotes/50?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=tweet&utm_content=haznote50

Dukes of Hazards: The Emergency Management Podcast https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/dukes-of-hazards-the-emergency-management-podcast/id810691908?mt=2

 

Social Media and Emergencies

Thousands of students, faculty and staff were turning to social media for information and help during Hurricanes Matthew and Irma https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/08/29/perils-and-pitfalls-higher-ed-social-media-management?platform=hootsuite

How Social Media Came To The Rescue After Kerala’s Floods https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/08/22/640879582/how-social-media-came-to-the-rescue-after-keralas-flood

 

Psychology and Disasters

Climate-Related Natural Disasters: Resilience and Individual Actions https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/climate-change-and-mental-health-connections/resilience-and-individual-actions

Survey: One Year after Hurricane Harvey, 3 in 10 Affected Texas Gulf Coast Residents Say Their Lives Remain Disrupted http://www.episcopalhealth.org/en/research/research-reports/harvey-anniversary-survey-one-year-after-hurricane-harvey-3-10-affected-texas-gulf-coast-residents-say-their-lives-remain-disrup/

 

Sociology and Disasters

Resilience, resistance, infrapolitics and enmeshment http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1354066117692031

Postdisaster Social Capital, Adaptive Resilience and Business Performance of Tourism Organizations in Christchurch, New Zealand https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327251951_Postdisaster_Social_Capital_Adaptive_Resilience_and_Business_Performance_of_Tourism_Organizations_in_Christchurch_New_Zealand

Including sexual and gender minorities in disaster risk reduction https://www.preventionweb.net/experts/oped/view/60079

What the Kerala Floods Tell Us About the Two Ideas of India http://indiauncut.com/iublog/article/what-the-kerala-floods-tell-us-about-the-two-ideas-of-india/

“Disasters are socially generated and constructed and we can do something to avoid them by reducing vulnerability, exposure and risk” – Prof. Emeritus Anthony Oliver-Smith http://cornellsun.com/2018/03/16/professor-challenges-conventional-ways-of-studying-natural-disasters/

I ask that all social scientists who research hazards and disasters join the Social Science Extreme Events Research network (SSEER) https://hazards.colorado.edu/news/director/a-call-to-social-scientists

A Tale of Two Puerto Ricos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=caLTF5kOra4&feature=youtu.be

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Published by

NeilDufty

I am a Principal at Molino Stewart Pty Ltd, an Australian-based environment and natural hazards company. I specialise in the community aspects of disaster risk reduction and emergency management. Samples of my research and projects can be accessed at https://works.bepress.com/neil_dufty/ I am also a published fiction writer specialising in short stories and poems - see https://neilduftyfiction.com/

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